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Weak commitments from the G20 cast a shadow over the opening of COP26


SOP26, UN The climate summit, which began in Glasgow on Sunday, began unsuccessfully. The city itself is struggling with a strike by garbage collectors who are complaining, among other things, about attacks by more and more rats. Cutters are also exposed at the conference. On the one hand, there are rich countries that want the summit to look successful, but do not want to spend money and commitments to make it so. On the other hand, it is the developing countries that are most aware of the existential threat of climate change and do not want their problems to be smoothed out in order to conference look successful.

On Sunday, the first tranche of 30,000 delegates gathered at a huge conference center in Glasgow, similar to a spaceship. CSOpening plenary sessions 26. At the beginning of the hearing, Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, told countries that preventing the worst effects of climate change was “in our hands”, but that it “depends on completing our work here”.

Around the same time, 2,000 km southeast, leaders from the village Mr.20 clubs from predominantly rich countries, which together account for about 80% of current greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, concluded their own meeting in Rome. This summit was intended to intensify international political leadership ahead CS26. He failed to do so. After two days of negotiations, the final statement on climate change was tasteless, which did little to confirm the countries’ commitment to the goals set out in Paris Agreement in 2015, “limit warming” to 2 ° C above pre-industrial efforts and “continue efforts” to keep it up to 1.5 ° C.

They have promised to stop funding overseas coal projects, although it has already shrunk significantly after China, South Korea and Japan, which provide 95% of such funding, have already promised to stop. No promises were made regarding the use of coal within the country other than a symbolic commitment to “support” the country in phasing it out, and an exact date for this was not agreed upon. They promised to reduce the leakage of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, reaffirming the commitments already made. They recognized the “key importance” of reducing global net emissions to zero by the middle of the century, but bypassed the circle, making 2050 the actual goal for this. And promised to strengthen national plans to reduce emissions “as needed.” There were no significant new commitments, as well as no concrete ways to achieve them.

Such wateriness may be due, at least in part, to the desire of leaders to begin CS26 from a position of consensus, not sharp. But it also underscores how difficult it is to make progress. The leaders left the meeting in Rome, pointing fingers at each other. Joe Biden, President of America, attributed this Mr.The shortcomings of the 1920s were the lack of significant involvement of China and Russia, neither of which sent their representatives in person (and who do not intend to do so for CS26). Xi Jinping, China’s president, called on the video to instead urge developed countries to take the lead in reducing emissions and deliver on their long-standing promises of climate finance for developing countries. Boris Johnson, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, called the commitments of the countries ahead CS26 “falls into the rapidly warming ocean”, but announced a call from Narendra Modi, his Indian counterpart, for Mr.20 leaders offer 1% of them GDP to help developing countries make the transition from fossil fuels “unlikely in the short term”.

Serious talks between at least 120 world leaders are starting today. The purpose of the conference is described by Alok Sharm CS26 presidents, how to “keep 1.5 alive” – ​​requires an agreement on a significant reduction in emissions by the end of this decade, and the subsequent implementation of schemes to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Unlike Paris five years ago, Glasgow will be judged as a success or a failure depending on what countries can really implement, not on what they can just promise. It remains to make a huge amount.

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